Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a type of orofacial pain that can originate from a number of craniofacial mandibular structures. These include the TM joints, the muscles of mastication, related nerves, tendons, ligaments, bones and teeth. Symptoms include impaired jaw function, TM joint noises and pain, limited opening, often with jaw deviations or deflections to the affected side. Temporal tendinitis is a disorder of the fibrous insertion of the temporalis muscle tendons on the coronoid process of the mandible that is characterized by both inflammation and degeneration. Sometimes, temporal tendinitis can be the primary disease entity, but the authors found that it frequently coexists with TMD. This retrospective study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of temporal tendinitis with TMD. The charts of 449 patients diagnosed with TMD were reviewed to determine the incidences of temporal tendinitis. The referred pain sites and their incidences were also determined.
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