The authors assessed the subjective symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in 167 young patients using self-reported forms, with five ratings for pain intensity and six ratings for difficulty in activities of daily living (ADL), to compare TMD symptoms according to gender and three age groups: group 1: 6- to 12-year-olds (juvenile); group 2: 13- to 15-year-olds (early adolescent); group 3: 16- to 18-year-olds (late adolescent). No significant gender differences were found in the symptoms among the groups, except for headache and neck pain in group 3. Pain intensity and tightness in the jaw/face, headache, and neck pain, as well as the ADL-related difficulty in prolonged jaw opening, eating soft/hard foods, and sleeping significantly differed among the groups (p<0.01, Kruskal–Wallis test). Therefore, late adolescent patients with TMDs have higher pain intensity in the orofacial region and greater difficulty in ADL than do early adolescent and juvenile patients with TMDs.
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